The tree has special cultural and religious importance to the Ovambo people of Nambia. Southern Books, Cape Town. Did you know that the ash from the burnt bark of the leadwood (Combretum imberbe) tree has been used for centuries as a toothpaste? Leaves and bark of Combretum roxburghii was collected from medicinal germplasm garden of Regional Plant Research Centre, Bhubaneswar in the months of February, May, July and October. The snakeskin-like bark is one of the main features that make identification easier throughout the season. Combretum imberbe. Total images in all categories: 9,961 Total number of hits on all images: 4,658,119 1996. 1988. Eloff et al. Balkema, Cape Town. Combretum imberbe. The leaves are believed to have magical powers. Leadwood refers to the high density of the wood. The leadwood can be found in all the bushveld regions and in mixed forest in southern Africa. Flora Zambesiaca 4. Combretum imberbe: Research and gaps DWAF contact # 2003-089 5 Namibia the Hereros and Ovambos attach special cultural and religious significance to the tree (Carr 1988). While most of the species in the combretum family are small to medium sized trees or shrubs, the Leadwood is one of the largest trees in Africa, capable of attaining a height of 20 meters. Combretum imberbe is widespread in northern Namibia. The presence of leadwood in some areas can indicate to farmers that the grazing is good. Combretum adenogonium is beniniens pharmacopoeia medicinal plant used for the treatment of various diseases. This work aims to study the phytochemical and assess some biological activities of C. adenogonium leaves extracts. The inconspicuous pale green flowers form spikes, â¦ Previous Names: Combretum primigenum. Combretum means climbing plant in Latin according to Pliny, and the common name leadwood refers to the heaviness of the wood. & Diels LC The leathery leaves are arranged opposite each other. Combretum imberbe (leadwood, hardekool) has been used for medicinal purpose and several studies have been carried out to investigate the chemical compounds present in the bark of this plant. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1972. The flowers are yellowish cream-coloured and have a sweet fragrance. dielsii Engl., Combretum imberbe Wawra var. Richard Morris. Combretum imberbe has a non-aggressive root system and can be planted in larger gardens. Family: Combretaceae. Combretum imberbe (Leadwood) Family: Combretaceae. Leaves from Combretum imberbe traditionally used to treat symptoms of malaria in most parts of Southern Africa were studied for interaction of its crude methanolic, ethyl acetate and hexane extracts with hemin a product of hemoglobin degradation in 40% water-dimethylsulphoxide at pH 9, 7.4 and 5 using a spectrophotometric method. The species name, imberbe, is derived from the Latin name referring to the lack of hairs on the plant. In Latin the word combretum translates as a climbing plant, and imberbe means lack of hair, so the â¦ Login to add your Comment Combretum imberbe is a deciduous shrub or tree with a spreading crown, most commonly 6 - 10 metres tall, though it can also often be found up to 20 metres tall, with reports of some trees reaching 30 metres. & Diels, Combretum primigenum Engl. It is also found in Mpumalanga, Limpopo, North-West Province, Mozambique, and into tropical Africa. Kaiserl. The leaves are eaten by kudu, impala, red lechwe, grey duiker, elephant, giraffe and the last two eat the branches as well. Gardening with indigenous trees and shrubs. They are produced from November to March. 84 of 1998). Tree Size: 32-64 ft (10-20 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter. A semi-deciduous tree with a sparse, roundish crown. Small, regular, 4-merous, actinomorphic, creamy white Flowers develop in spikes. Briza Publications, Pretoria. Struik, Cape Town . Combretum imberbe Wawra LC; Combretum kraussii Hochst. All 3 may be occur on the same tree. Description. Jacana, Johannesburg. New soft, hairy leaves may be whitish or are light green. with help from Janka Hardness: 3,570 lb f (15,880 N) Modulus of Rupture: 20,960 lb f /in 2 (144.5 MPa)* Combretum bracteosum leaves; Hits: 995 ; Combretum collinum in the Kruger National Park in January; Hits: 2130 ... Combretum imberbe after hard times; Hits: 298 ; Combretum imberbe bark; Hits: 120 ; Combretum imberbe bole and lower parts; Hits: 134 This deciduous tree has Leaves that are opposite, alternate or 3-whorled. Leaves - Simple, opposite, broadly elliptic with a smooth margin. RSA Tree No. They are simple (have a single blade which may have incisions that are not deep enough to divide the leaf into leaflets). The author suggested that MAG possesses both centrally- and peripherally-mediated The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sitzungsber. Combretum. Venter, F. & Venter, J. Acetone extract of leaves of C. nelsonii, C. albopunctactum, C. imberbe and T. sericea possessed remarkable growth inhibitory activities against fungal pathogens. The database and code is licensed under a A guide to useful plants of southern Africa. Its bark cracks in rectangular flakes and the young branches and twigs have hard spines. The older leaves are typically larger, bigger than those of any other species of Combretum; they are approximately about 80 mm long and 40 mm wide. Ken Fern, Leadwood Tree or Ivory Tree, Combretum imberbe, is a tropical, slow-growing, deciduous tree of about 21 m tall. Crude protein (CP) content of fresh leaves was highest in Lonchocarpus capassa with 23.9% and lowest in Combretum imberbe with 6.08%. The wood is very hard and tough, and burns very slowly with intense heat. Combretaceae in South Africa . The leaves are eaten as green vegetable. Carr, J.D. Leadwood Tree or Ivory Tree, Combretum imberbe, is a tropical, slow-growing, deciduous tree of about 21 m tall. Patrick MtsweniWalter Sisulu National Botanical GardenApril 2006, SA Distribution: Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Flowering season: Early Summer, Late Summer. Leaves are simple, opposite, sometimes is whorls of three on young branches, elliptic to obovate. Average Dried Weight: 76 lbs/ft 3 (1220 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.96, 1.22. The leaves are slightly lighter below and are found on short lateral branches. Coates Palgrave, K., Coates Palgrave, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. 1985. They become slightly darker, glossy, leathery and densely packed with age. ); motswiri (Pedi); ummono (Sotho); mondzo (Tsonga); motswere (Tswana); umbondwe omnyama (Zulu); mohwelere-tshipi (Northern Sotho); muhiri (Venda); omumboromboga (Herero). Leadwood (e), Hardekool (a), imPondondlovu (z), Mohwwelere-tshipi (ns),mmMondzo (tso), Motswiri (setsw), umMondo (Sw), muheri (v). Combretum imberbe Wawra Ecology. It is, in fact, a fairly common sight at Singitaâs South African properties (albeit with more blue sky! The deciduous simple Leaves are hairless. The first things to catch Megâs eye were the silvery leaves of Combretum imberbe. LC; Combretum microphyllum Klotzsch LC; Combretum mkuzense J.D.Carr & Retief NT; Combretum moggii Exell LC; Combretum molle R.Br. The colour of the trunk is pale grey to white. Combretum imberbe is the tallest of all the South African combretums. Combretum kraussii. Hardy, huge, deciduous tree which can grow to tremendous old age. The silvery-green leaves are unusually small for a Combretum. Everyone's guide to trees of South Africa . Leadwood ash is used as a toothpaste. Pentacyclic triterpenoid rhamnosides from Combretum imberbe leaves. (2012). It has a spreading canopy and is extremely slow growing. For treatment of diarrhoea and stomach pains, root decoctions are used. species. Combretum imberbe â Leadwood â Hardekool. Trees of southern Africa . The seeds should be pressed down and covered with a thin layer of sand, and should be kept moist, not planted too deep and not given too much water. In this family, there are about 16 genera, which contain about 530 species. Its bark cracks in rectangular flakes and the young branches and twigs have hard spines. Combretum imberbe (Combretaceae). Margins are entire. Combretum imberbe Wawra; Combretum imberbe Wawra is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Combretum (family Combretaceae). Leaves elliptic to obovate, often on short, spine-like lateral shoots, grey-green above, hairless, but covered in whitish scales beneath. The wood is extremely hard and heavy and takes a long time to decay, making this a wonderful lookout tree for all kinds of wildlife. Making the most of indigenous trees. Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. The snakeskin-like bark is one of the main features that make identification easier throughout the season. Combretum imberbe is a hardy, slow growing, bulky, deciduous tree which can grow to tremendous old age. When the seedlings reach the second leaf stage, they should be transplanted into nursery bags. A combination of roots and leaves are taken against bilharzia. Leaves Leaves opposite, verticillate or rarely alternate, usually petiolate (rarely subsessile), almost always entire; petiole sometimes persisting (especially in climbers) forming a ± hooked spine. Plant Description: Combretum imberbe is the most impressive of our combretums; even when dead, leadwood presents an imposing display.. Combretum imberbe is the tallest of all the South African combretums. The inconspicuous pale green flowers form spikes, â¦ Dead branches and shoots often remain on a matured tree. It is widespread in Lowveld areas and grows along streams and rivers. Margins are entire. The author suggested that MAG possesses both centrally- and peripherally-mediated The silvery-green leaves are unusually small for a Combretum. It has grey-green simple leaves about 6cm long that are arranged alternately along the stems. Mar 3, 2017 - Observation - Tree 2 - Southern Africa. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. ex G.Don LC; Combretum mossambicense (Klotzsch) Engl. Young leaves white or light green. Combretum molle leaves, have been investigated in mice and rats . Click here to register. Specimen: K000450440 Family: Combretaceae: Type Status: Current Name: Combretum imberbe Wawra: Phenology: Collector: Crawford, F. Plant Parts: Leaves, Stem(s) 3 mm., densely silvery- or rufous-lepidote, otherwise glabrous or nearly so; upper receptacle little developed, almost flat when the flowers are mature, densely silvery- or rufous-lepidote, otherwise glabrous or nearly so. comm. The bole, which is usually crooked, can be up to 100cm in diameter [ 299 Protabase - â¦ Growing Combretum imberbe. It is a long-lived tree (up to 1000 years) and even after it dies, the Leadwood stays impressive with its pale trunk and soaring branches.  were the first to report that a stilbene, 2â²,3â²,4-trihydroxyl-3,5,4â²-trimethoxybibenzyl (combretastatin B5) (76) (Figure 12.14), isolated from a chloroform fraction of South African Combretum woodii leaves, has significant antibacterial effects against S. aureus (MIC: 16 Î¼g/mL) as well as some activity against the gram-negative E. coli and P. aeruginosa (MIC: 125 Î¼g/mL). The trunk was used to build an enclosure (kraal ) and grain stamping mortars and these days it is used for furniture and sculptures. Combretum imberbe Wawra, Combretum nelsonii Duemmer, Combretum albopunctatum Suesseng, and Terminalia sericea Burch ex DC. International Journal of African Renaissance Studies - Multi-, Inter- â¦ Scientific Name: Combretum imberbe. Leadwood is known for its hard and heavy wood, which is sometimes used for interior decoration purposes. The grey-brown trunk is gnarled and crooked, giving the tree a unique and magical charm. Look out for rodents because they enjoy the seeds, while livestock pose a threat to early life stages such as seeds and seedlings. The fruit is 4-winged, yellowish-green and covered wiht silvery scales. Local plant use and traditional conservation practices in Nhema communal area, Zimbabwe. This work aims to study the phytochemical and assess some biological activities of C. adenogonium leaves extracts. In spring, the tree bears small, lightly scented greenish-yellow flowers. The leadwood is a protected tree in South Africa. The Leadwood tree, Combretum Imberbe, is part of the plant family Combretaceae, which has at least 250 species. Edible gum is obtained from the tree and used for confectionary. LC; Combretum nelsonii Dummer LC; Combretum padoides Engl. The RSA genera with trees include Combretum, Lumnitzera, Pteleopsis and Terminalia. Parts of this tree are used by various tribes in a number of ways: smoke that comes from the burning leaves has been used to relieve coughs, colds and chest complaints. 539. Allergies/Toxicity: Although there are no specific reports on Combretum imberbe, other species in the Combretum genus (particularly C. kraussii) have been reported to cause skin irritation. It has grey-green simple leaves about 6cm long that are arranged alternately along the stems. Leadwood Tree or Ivory Tree, Combretum imberbe, is a tropical, slow-growing, deciduous tree of about 21 m tall. Combretum imberbe The tallest of all South African bush-willows, the leadwood grows some 20m high. The bark is rough and cracks vertically into a netted pattern (reticulate). Leaves elliptic to obovate, often on short, spine-like lateral shoots, grey-green above, hairless, but covered in whitish scales beneath. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Africans used this wood to make hoes before metal was discovered. The flowers are yellowish-green in loose spikes and with four wings. SOURCE, TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION OF THREATS TO THE SPECIES C. imberbe is favoured for its durable heartwood which is used for a variety of functions, most The Leadwood tree, Combretum Imberbe, is part of the plant family Combretaceae, which has at least 250 species. Medium to large deciduous tree. The results of this laboratory animal study indicate that MAG possesses analgesic and antiinflammatory effects in the mammalian models used. These plants were selected based on low minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values ranging 0.02â2.5mg/mL (Masoko et al., 2005, 2006) and low LC 50 values rang-ing 75.7â168.6 Î¼g/mL (Masoko, 2006). The phytochemical analysis (qualitative et quantitative) was conducted by standard analytical chemistry method.
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