It has deeply cut, mid-green leaves, a rather open habit (it is anything but a “cushion mum”) and single daisylike flowers. Developed in Minnesota, these plants result from crosses between C. × morifolium hybrids and the very hardy C. weyrichii. But when planted in mixed borders, they will end your garden season with a bang. Mums do contain substances that are toxic to cats, dogs, and horses, so take care to plant them where they won't tempt curious animals. Asters and hardy mums are the two most traditional perennials to grow for fall flower color. Rubellum Mum (C. × rubellum, formerly Dendranthema zawadskii latilobum): Also called hardy mum, heritage mum and old-fashioned mum, this has long been the most popular chrysanthemum in cold climates due to its tough-as-nails habit: they don’t call it the hardy mum for nothing! It blooms in early September. The whole plant is rarely more than 6 to 8 in (15–25 cm) high, but can form carpets 2 or 3 feet (60–90 cm) wide or larger and is popular in rock and alpine gardens. There would be few cut flowers blooming in October were it not for hardy garden mums. Varieties sold indoors at florists are generally not cold hardy and should be treated as short-lived seasonal gift plants for interior design only. Their clusters of flowerheads show over a long period and are available in many colors, including red, orange, yellow, white, and lavender. are herbaceous perennials in the daisy family and are stalwarts of the flowering autumn garden. Maybe you remember mums from the corsages at homecoming, or you think of … From late spring to mid-summer, pinch back the tips and flower buds on all shoots to make the plant bushier and prepare it for a dramatic fall show. The general rule of thumb is to begin after all danger of frost has passed. On the plus side, mums contain a toxin called pyrethrin, used in commercial insecticides, making it a natural insect repellent. Repotting is the single most important thing you can do to increase the longevity of your mums. However, many other species have been used in creating today’s chrysanthemum, some of them very hardy (zone 3, 2 and even 1), with the result being that some garden mums are very tender and others very hardy. If you do buy a plant in the fall in full bloom and plant it as is, it will tend put its energy in producing flowers rather than establishing a strong root system. This hardy collection, planted in zones 6–9, with enough time in the ground to establish their roots before fall frosts, will provide carefree beauty year after year! Soil should remain moist, but not soggy. When growing in a pot, water the soil surface, using a watering can, until moisture begins to drain from the bottom of the pot (make sure the pot has drainage holes). Mammoth™ ‘White Daisy’ (formerly My Favorite™ ‘White’. Early planting is the first step when it comes to utilizing your mums as perennials. Unfortunately, the mums for sale in garden centers in the fall have been coddled in nurseries and coaxed to set buds for September blooms. ( Log Out / It’s also an early bloomer, at least as fall mums are concerned: usually from late summer into fall. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The following varieties are the most popular: ‘Morden Cameo’ (creamy white), ‘Morden Canary’ (yellow), ‘Morden Delight’ (orange-red), ‘Morden Fiesta’ (violet-purple) and ‘Morden Garnet’ (dark red). Give them 1 inch per week during the early growing season, and then increase this to two or three times a week as the flower buds mature and the flowers begin to open. To repot, choose a container that is a little bigger than the last container. Here are some examples: Developed at the Morden Research Station in Manitoba in the 1960s and 70s this series provides compact, densely flowering plants with double flowers, very much the typical cushion mum, only much hardier. Water should drain freely through the soil and out the bottom of the pot when watering. Sep 4, 2014 - & other plants that shine in the fall. You can propagate mums several ways: division, seeds, and cuttings. ‘Mei-kyo’ is again a less hardy variety (USDA zones 5–9. seem to live on and on. Creativity is crucial to attract the attention of the consumer.
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